B737 Family vs A320 Family: A Comprehensive Comparison

The aviation industry has long been dominated by two leading aircraft families: the Boeing 737 and the Airbus A320. These narrow-body aircraft have become the workhorses of airlines worldwide, offering efficient operations and reliable performance. In this article, we will conduct a thorough comparison between the B737 family and the A320 family, considering key aspects such as performance, passenger capacity, fuel efficiency, and technological advancements. (B737 Family vs A320 Family).


When it comes to performance, both the B737 and A320 families boast impressive capabilities. The B737 family is known for its robust engines, enabling it to achieve higher maximum speeds and quicker acceleration during takeoff. On the other hand, the A320 family offers excellent maneuverability, making it suitable for airports with shorter runways. Additionally, the A320’s advanced fly-by-wire technology enhances stability and control, providing a smoother flying experience for passengers.

B737 Family vs A320 Family: A Comprehensive Comparison

Passenger Capacity:

Passenger capacity is a crucial factor for airlines seeking to maximize profitability. The A320 family typically offers slightly higher seating capacity than the B737 family. The A320neo, for example, can accommodate up to 195 passengers, while the B737 MAX 7 can carry around 172 passengers. However, it is worth noting that airlines have the flexibility to customize cabin configurations based on their specific needs, so the exact seating capacity may vary.

Fuel Efficiency:

In today’s environmentally conscious era, fuel efficiency plays a significant role in aircraft selection. The A320 family holds an edge over the B737 family in terms of fuel efficiency. The A320neo, with its advanced engines and aerodynamic improvements, consumes up to 15% less fuel compared to previous-generation aircraft. In contrast, the B737 MAX series offers approximately 14% fuel savings compared to its predecessors. These improvements not only reduce operating costs but also contribute to reduced carbon emissions, aligning with the industry’s sustainability goals.

B737 Family vs A320 Family: A Comprehensive Comparison

Technological Advancements:

Both aircraft families incorporate cutting-edge technologies, but they differ in certain aspects. The B737 MAX series introduced the innovative Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS), designed to enhance safety and stability. Following the grounding of the MAX fleet, Boeing has made extensive modifications and implemented additional safety measures to address past concerns. Meanwhile, the A320neo family incorporates advanced engine technologies, such as the Pratt & Whitney PurePower Geared Turbofan (GTF) and the CFM International LEAP engine, resulting in reduced noise levels and lower emissions.


The B737 and A320 families are formidable competitors in the narrow-body aircraft segment, each offering distinct advantages. While the B737 family is renowned for its robust performance and reliability, the A320 family excels in terms of passenger capacity, fuel efficiency, and advanced technologies. Ultimately, the choice between the two aircraft families depends on an airline’s specific requirements, routes, and operational preferences.

B737 Family vs A320 Family: A Head-to-Head Comparison

FeatureB737 FamilyA320 FamilyNotes
Variants737-700, 737-800, 737-900, 737 MAX 7, 737 MAX 8, 737 MAX 9, 737 MAX 10A319, A320, A321, A321neoA318 production ceased in 2012
Passenger Capacity128-189145-240Max capacities can vary depending on configuration
Range3,600-5,500 km4,000-6,900 kmRanges can vary depending on payload and fuel conditions
Cargo Capacity22.7-55.1 m³27.1-71.5 m³Cargo capacities may vary slightly depending on specific variants
Cabin Width3.54 m3.73 m7 cm wider in the A320, offering more passenger comfort
EnginesCFM56-7B, LEAP-1BLEAP-1A, PW1100GPW1100G used on some A320neo variants but not all
Flight Deck LayoutYoke and column controlsSide-stick and center pedestal controls
Fuel Efficiency13-17 L/100km11-13 L/100kmAverage fuel consumption per 100 km, specific values may vary based on individual models and flight conditions
Operational CostsGenerally lower maintenance costsLower per-seat operating costsVaries depending on factors like fuel prices, utilization rates, and specific airline practices
TechnologyConventional flight systemsFly-by-wire flight controlsSome newer B737 variants also incorporate fly-by-wire elements
ReliabilityProven track recordHigh dispatch ratesBoth families hold excellent safety records
StrengthsRobust design, short-field capabilitiesPassenger comfort, higher capacityEach family excels in certain areas
WeaknessesNarrower cabin, smaller cargo capacityHigher initial purchase priceEach family also has trade-offs to consider


  1. “Boeing 737 MAX” – Boeing. Link
  2. “Airbus A320 Family” – Airbus. Link
  3. “Airbus A320neo Family” – Airbus. Link
  4. “Boeing 737 MAX: A New Era in Aviation” – Boeing. Link
  5. “Fuel Efficiency: A320neo Family vs. B737 MAX” – Aviation Week.