28/02/2024
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Rudder of a Plane

In this article, we will talk about a part that allows Airplanes to maneuver. The name of that piece is Rudder of plane; As you can see from the figure, planes basically move on three axes in the air. These axes are Yaw, Pitch, Roll axes.

Yaw - Pitch - Roll axes
Yaw, Pitch, Roll axes.

The Rudder Part;

* Allows the plane to make the turn (Yaw) movement.

– Thanks to the air hitting the surface with the rudder’s right movement, the tail part of the plane slides to the left, and the nose part moves to the right.

* In the Rudder’s left movement, the aircraft tail moves to the right, while the nose part moves to the left.

– Located on the trailing edge of the vertical stabilizer.

* Rudder pedals controll this part on the cockpit.

– Turn right by pressing the right pedal, and turn left by pressing the left pedal.

Parts of airplane
Parts of Airplane


The effect of rudder movements is directly proportional to the speed of the aircraft. In a fast moving aircraft, the desired maneuver can be achieved with small rudder movements. Because the air force hitting the rudder surface increases as the plane speeds up. Large rudder maneuvers are required to achieve the desired movement at full sweat and low speeds.

The rudder of an airplane plays a critical role in controlling the aircraft’s yaw motion. Its design and working mechanism are essential in ensuring the aircraft’s maneuverability and safety. Proper maintenance and adherence to regulations and guidelines are crucial in ensuring the rudder’s reliability and preventing catastrophic accidents.

References:

  • “Aircraft Design: A Systems Engineering Approach” by Mohammad Sadraey
  • “Introduction to Aircraft Design” by John P. Fielding
  • “Aircraft Maintenance and Repair” by Michael Kroes and William Watkins
  • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations and guidelines.