Hot air balloons which are a milestone on aviation history and no doubt that they are an aircraft. Hot air balloon is one of the very first inventions on aviation history since Montgolfier Brothers made the first attempts. They are mostly used for touristic purposes nowadays and it is a fantastic experience to take a hot air balloon flight. Let’s go deeper.
We will try to find answers for these three questions: What are the parts of it? what is the principle of its flight? and finally, where are the most exciting places in the world for flight with hot air balloons?
The Parts of Hot Air Balloons
Let’s analyze the parts one by one.
Basket: It is the part that carries the people and/or load. Basket of hot air balloons are made from light but durable materials for its purpose. Usually they are made from aluminum, rattan or woven wicker.
Burner: It is the part that we can call a jet engine for an A330. Burner unit gasifies liquid propane, mixture of propane and air is ignited and the flames are directed through the mouth of envelope part.
Envelope: It is the huge fabric part full of hot air inside. Modern hot air balloons use envelopes which are made of nylon or polyester based materials. They are really huge and we will explain why in the principles part. At the top of envelope there is a parachute valve part.
Parachute valve: It is at the top of the envelop and it is a large hole for the purpose of deflating the balloon for landing. By using parachute valve cord pilot can make a decent to the balloon.
Gas/ Propane cylinders: They are located in the basket and they are like fuel tanks which consist propane gas for burner.
Gores: They are fabric (nylon, polyester) parts and when they come together they create envelopes.
Principle of Hot Air Balloons
At all movements no matter the direction, there must be a beating force. For hot air balloons there must be a force against gravity. It is so simple for balloons. Basically the warmer air rises through the cooler air. Hot air is lighter than cool air, because it has less mass per unit of volume. If you heat up 100 degrees one cubic foot of air its weight becomes 7 grams less. Generally, it is fair to say that one cubic foot of air weights 28 grams. With a simple calculation to lift 100 pounds, you need about 6,500 cubic feet of hot air (heated up 100 degrees).
Come back to balloons. The burner fires the propane gas coming from gas cylinders and heats up the air in the envelope. When the weight of the air in the envelope is more less than the weight of the basket and the load weight when compared with the air outside, balloon starts to fly.
To descent pilot of balloon uses the parachute valve cable/line to release the hot air from envelope to decrease the mass difference between the outside weather and this means descent for balloon.
Amazing Balloon flight places
Now after looking its technical details come and let’s enjoy a balloon flight in Cappadocia. Cappadocia is one of the most favorite places for balloon flight. “The spectacular surrealistic landscapes combined with excellent flying conditions allow the balloons to gently drift over and between fairy chimneys, pigeon houses hewn into the unique rock formations, orchards and vineyards – through impressive valleys, each with distinctive rock formations, colors and features – and then float up over rippled ravines for breathtaking views over the region” (www.goreme.com).
Another perfect place for balloon flight, Barcelona/Spain!
You can enjoy a perfect flight with amazing landscape views over Barcelona horizon.
“Barcelona is an incredible place with diverse natural landscapes and different ecosystems. Being able to observe this from the sky is a real privilege, and it is priceless” (www.barcelonaballoonflights.com/).
Let’s go to Serengeti
One of the wilderness region on the world. It is undoubtedly an unforgettable experience to fly with a hot air balloon over Serengeti. Imagine the diverse habitat and creatures. A perfect lifetime experience. Serengeti/Africa balloon safari.
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